Nachtviole - plant, maintain and multiply

Nachtviole - plant, maintain and multiply


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The Nachtviole, which smells wonderful in the evening, is an easy-care contemporary that can be easily planted in the garden.

The night vole, which is also known in technical terms as Hesperis matronalis, is not without reason. After all, it is the case with this perennial plant that its flowers spray the most intense fragrance in the evening. This fragrant night flower, which is sometimes referred to as the common night violet, also bears the following names:

  • Kilts
  • Matronenblume
  • Ordinary night vial
  • Red night violet

As a moonlight scent, the night vole in the home hobby garden can also impress with its particularly long flowering period, although a second flower after the pruning is quite possible. The scent of the small flowers, which are mostly purple in color, is not only beguiling, but also widespread. However, it is a rather short-lived plant that can only delight its viewers with its pretty reputation for two years. The herbaceous plant with its lush clusters of flowers definitely attracts everyone's attention. This plant goes just as well with roses as with a pretty cottage garden.

If you want to bring the scent of the night violet, which is reminiscent of violets and contains a hint of cloves, into the house, you should only pick the flowers in the evening. In addition, the flowers can not only serve purely decorative purposes. In beautiful, fragrant potpourris, the night violet flowers look just as good.

Profile of the Night Vole

The 2-year-old plant can reach a height of 60 to around 70 centimeters. With a planting distance of 40 centimeters, the night vole feels most comfortable. This means that six to seven of these plants can be planted on one square meter of soil. However, you should know that the plant that is perfect for an insect pasture is slightly poisonous. The seeds of the night vole are the most poisonous. In moderation, however, they should be recommended against various breast diseases and against cough. The plant is also said to have a sweaty and therefore health-promoting effect.

This information about the external nature of the plant can be recorded:

  • multi-headed, spindle-shaped roots
  • Upright, branched, rough-haired or almost bald stems
  • ovate or lanceolate leaves that taper to the end
  • Flowering period: from April to July
  • Flower color: from violet / purple to pink and white
  • Flowers in racemes without any bracts
  • Diameter of the individual flowers: 1.5 to 2.5 centimeters
  • 3 millimeter long seeds

Distribution of the night vole

This species is not only native to Southwest and Central Asia, but also to Europe. The night viole can be found especially in higher altitudes, while this is rarely the case in the lowlands. Farm gardens in the middle of Europe have been decorating the Nachtviole for centuries. This has also led to an overgrowth and naturalization of the Nachtviole in Germany. The herbaceous plant has been widespread in North America since the 16th century. The fact that the Nachtviole is mainly found in brook and river valleys reveals a lot about the type of soil that the plant expressly prefers in its ideal location.

Significance of the nocturnal vial in medicinal herbs

In the meantime, the nocturnal vial is only of minor importance in medicinal plant science. In the past, however, the seeds and the night violet leaves played a much more important role in naturopathy. In addition to the sweat-inducing properties of this medicinal herb, the diuretic and expectorant properties were also valued.

For gout, abscesses, gallstones, skin care, kidney stones and other stone diseases, the individual components of the night vial were therefore used both externally and internally. For example, a drink consisting of the juice of the night vole mixed with milk could be made for internal use. For example, poultices made from the crushed leaves of the plant were tried as home remedies for the treatment of abscesses.

However, in order to notice some of this promising effect, the plant components of the night vole had to be processed very freshly. Caution was also required when collecting the night vole in the wild. Visually, the night violet looks very similar to the gold lacquer with which it is related and is therefore not quite so easy to distinguish from its cousin for laypeople.

The perfect location for the night vole

The Nachtviole is very well suited to a sunny location, even if the plant can easily cope with shade and partially shaded areas. In addition, the soil in the preferred location of the plant should be as rich in nutrients as possible. A humus rich and well drained soil is also a must so that the kilte can thrive wonderfully. The soil may also be a little damp and as loose as possible. A stony-sandy loam soil is therefore ideal for planting the common night vole. The ground should not be inclined to waterlogging, as this could damage the night vole. Ideally, the pH of the soil should be in a neutral to slightly alkaline range.

In addition to the fragrant and cut plants, these plant partners are particularly good:

  • Umbels bellflower
  • Armenian cranesbill
  • White willow-herb
  • Columbine-leaved meadow rhombus
  • Centaurea Montana

Care of the night vial

The Common Night Vole is a rather easy-care contemporary. For hobby gardeners, this means that the maintenance effort is very low. You simply must not neglect the following care measures:

❍ Watering & fertilizing:

Under no circumstances should the night vole dry out if it is to flourish splendidly. It is therefore important to water the perennial plant at regular intervals, but without keeping it too moist. Because the Nachtviole wouldn't get that. The night vole never has to be fertilized.

❍ Cut back:

Pruning only makes sense after flowering. This is recommended, for example, if the perennial plant shows a tendency to fall apart strongly. Even if self-sowing of the night vial is to be prevented, it is definitely advisable to prune the plant in good time.

If the nocturnal vine is cut back immediately after the first flower, it blooms even a second time. Therefore, pruning makes sense to enjoy the lovely violet fragrance in the evening.

❍ Wintering:

Since the Nachtviole is used to the local areas and is native to this country, it is very frost-resistant. So the perennial plant can easily overwinter in the garden. Even in winter, the night violet retains its green color, with the flowers only shining in their colorful sheen in summer.

❍ Diseases and pests:

Normally, the night violet does not have to struggle with pests or diseases. Only excessive amounts of moisture can lead to the perennial plant shrinking in the long run. Snails, on the other hand, are not interested in the Red Night Vole.

How can the common night violet multiply?

The propagation of the common night violet is possible, for example, via the slightly poisonous seeds of the plant. You can sow these outdoors from April. Fresh garden soil is ideal for this. However, you can also be on the safe side by using special seed or seed trays. The best germination results can be achieved in these dishes at temperatures of a good 20 degrees Celsius. Temperatures of 15 to 20 degrees Celsius should prevail in the field, so that the Nachtviole seeds can germinate as desired within one to two weeks.

You can also divide the plant gently in spring and autumn to multiply. A division even contributes to the rejuvenation of the perennial plant.