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Planting olive trees outdoors is a demanding undertaking. After all, the Mediterranean plant does not tolerate frosty temperatures. Planting out is possible in mild regions.From the pot into the soil - how to plant it out In mild regions you can see olive trees on almost every street corner. In this country, however, it is not so easy to grow an olive tree outdoors. Especially in northern Germany it is simply too cold for the Mediterranean plant in the winter months.
The situation is different in warmer regions, e.g. in some winegrowing regions. You can try it here. But be careful: olive trees not only need a lot of space, other important conditions must also be created for them.
Create the optimal conditions
Young olive trees are not suitable for planting out in Germany. The frost sensitivity of the trees is too high. Older specimens usually survive the cold season unscathed, provided that you do everything correctly with winter protection.
The olive tree feels most comfortable in a location flooded with light. A building in the immediate vicinity is advantageous as a windbreak, but the shadow of the house must not fall on the olive tree. If you are faced with the choice between wind protection and regular sun exposure, choose the sun.
Olive trees are suitable for almost all types of soil. The lime tolerance is good, acidic and alkaline earth is equally accepted and even nutrient-poor soils are no obstacle to growth. Only very solid, loamy soil can become a problem because it inhibits the water drainage. As a result, waterlogging can form, which often leads to root rot.
Planting hole and drainage:
The planting hole for the olive tree should be significantly deeper than the root ball in moist, loamy soil. The additional space is intended for drainage. You can use coarse gravel, but also rubble in the form of chopped bricks, roof tiles or wall remains. If the soil is rather dry and permeable to water, a shallower planting hole is sufficient. After inserting the root ball and filling up soil, stabilize the tree with a support post. It takes about two years for the roots to be firmly anchored in the ground.
Watering and fertilizing:
Freshly planted olive trees must be watered regularly and occasionally fertilized moderately. In the case of specimens with a developed root system, the water requirement is significantly reduced and the plants can also cope well with longer dry periods in summer. A short, fresh shower with the sprinkler gratefully accepts olive trees of all ages.
Fertilize your olive tree several times with Kalimagnesia (such as this one) from September. As a result, green shoots wood more quickly and are better protected against frost in winter. As soon as the first freezing temperatures are expected, cover the tree slice with leaves or bark mulch and weight it down with a second protective layer made of fir, spruce or pine branches. Also wrap the tree trunk with fiber mats made of organic materials such as jute or coconut.
If the weather forecast announces temperatures below -10 ° C, additionally wrap the branches of the tree with a light linen cloth or gauze strip. Now it's time to wait and hope a little. Chances are, however, that your well-protected olive tree will survive the winter alive and well.