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Do you have carnations in the garden and can't get enough of them? Then simply multiply the cloves. You have several options for this.Carnations multiply by themselves In principle, you don't actually have to worry about the propagation of the plant, because the wind transfers the seeds of the carnation. So you can be surprised at where in the garden small carnation trees appear!
You can also do the sowing yourself. You can also cut cuttings or split the roots. In principle, all methods are successful.
Multiply carnations by sowing
❶ As seeds you can use bought seeds or the seeds of your own plants. To do this, you need to know that the herbaceous perennial, also known as the rock carnation, beach grass carnation or alpine grass carnation, blooms from June to September and that after flowering, small fruits, each containing a seed, develop in the calyx. Remove the semi-ripe seed pods and keep them dry, dark and cool until sowing.
❷ There are then two times for sowing: Either sow directly in the field from August to September or put the seeds in pots with seed soil in early spring. In the garden, press the seeds into the ground about two centimeters and water. Finished!
In the pot, the seeds are only thinly covered with substrate. Then pour on. The germination time is then about 20 to 30 days. During this time keep the soil slightly moist and place the pot in a bright, moderately warm place. After a few weeks, the young plantlets are strong enough that you can put the carnations in the garden.
Multiply carnations over cuttings
❶ For the propagation of cuttings, cut young shoots (about seven to eight centimeters long) directly at the base in early summer.
❷ The cuttings then come in pots with a mixture of peat and sand. Moisten the substrate well. Alternatively, you can put the cuttings in the cold frame. A transparent film over the pot ensures a humid and warm climate, so that the cuttings quickly form roots. It takes about six weeks. Always keep the soil slightly damp and air the foil daily so that no mold is formed.
❸ The young plants are planted out in late summer or after winter in the next spring. If you plant in late summer or autumn, no expensive winter protection is necessary. A light covering with brushwood is sufficient. If you hibernate the young plants indoors, it is best to place the plants in a frost-free and cool place.
Split the roots of the carnations
As a third variant, you can split the rhizome. This is always useful if the carnation flowers less over the years or becomes bald from the inside out. The division works best in early spring or autumn. Proceed as follows:
❶ Carefully lift the entire perennial off the ground with the digging fork. The roots should be damaged as little as possible.
❷ Shake off the soil and divide the rhizome either by hand or with a sharp knife. Make sure that there are several shoot buds on the sections.
❸ Before inserting the divided rhizomes, remove dead, diseased and damaged root parts.
❹ Then plant the parts at the old or new locations. Important information here.