Cherry from a stone at home

Cherry from a stone at home



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Pitted cherries are a tricky gardening project that requires a lot of patience. It will take years before the tree begins to bear fruit.

Is it possible to grow a cherry from a stone

Sweet cherries need cross-pollination, so new trees don't just grow from seeds. Grafting and budding are the best ways to grow a tree, and a nursery is a good source to find a plant that is already on its way to fruiting. However, if you provide the planted seed with proper care, it will be possible to grow a tree from it. First you need to choose a cherry kernel that was grown in natural conditions, and not from a supermarket.

Attention! Even if you plant a seed of a certain type, it is not at all a fact that the same tree will grow. It is quite possible that the kernel of a large tasty cherry will produce a wild game with small and sour berries.

To select a cherry variety that is suitable for a particular region, you just need to find any growing cherries nearby. You can pick a berry from a tree at a friend's dacha or buy it on the market from people who grow fruits in this area.

Important! The cherries sold by grocers are often chilled, making them unreliable for a project like this.

Pitted cherries can be grown both in the garden and at home. The main thing is to provide the plant with proper care.

Benefits of growing cherries from stone

Despite the many difficulties and nuances, growing cherries from seeds also has advantages. This way of breeding the plant will make it more hardy and possibly even more fruitful. Its advantages include:

  • Increased winter hardiness of the tree.
  • Good adaptation to local conditions.
  • Reduced sensitivity to common diseases of stone fruit plants.

Young trees grown from seeds will bear fruit, but they are much more profitable as rootstocks to create hybrids.

Important! When two varieties are grafted, the likelihood of pollination increases. This allows you to increase yields without wasting space on the site for planting pollinators.

Will the cherry grown from the stone bear fruit?

Cherries grown from the kernel are more likely to start yielding. However, it should be remembered that this method of breeding a plant is always a lottery. You can get both a tree with large and tasty fruits, and a wild game on which small sour berries grow.

A seed tree is uniquely capable of bearing fruit. However, for successful pollination, at least two varieties must be grafted. Thanks to this, the plant will begin to bear fruit after about 5-6 years of life.

How to grow cherries from a stone at home

Getting a cherry tree from a bone at home is a very real goal. With proper care, the seeds of the fruit will hatch and turn into small sprouts, which will later grow into large fruitful trees.

Selection and preparation of cherry seeds for planting

To grow cherries, the first step is to choose seeds from those berries that are already fully ripe. The fruit of a plant that grows in the area should be used. Imported cherries are torn off even before the stage of full ripeness, so that they can be successfully transported.

In order to prepare the fruit kernels for planting, you must perform the following steps:

  1. Pour and wash the seeds with ordinary running water, clean them well from the remaining pulp. Since the probability of getting a sprout from a cherry kernel is about 70%, they need to be taken with a margin.
  2. Pour out the water and blot the seeds with a paper towel. Spread them out in a room that is well ventilated.
  3. Put dried fruit kernels in a paper bag and wrap with polyethylene. The protective film must be strong, if it is damaged, the bones dry out, and the likelihood of sprouting will decrease.
  4. Store seeds at + 20 ° C until winter begins.
  5. At the beginning of December, the kernels of the fruit must be placed in water for 3-5 days. Change the fluid every day.

Cherry pits stratification

The soaked seeds should be mixed with absorbent material, placed in a plastic container and refrigerated for 3 months.

Important! Do not store seeds of different varieties in the same container. They must be in different containers.

In addition, freezing cherries is an effective method of stratification. In winter, the fruits are used in the cooking process, and their kernels, which are removed before heat treatment, can be washed and stored in the same way as described above.

When and where to plant cherry seeds

Planting of cherry pits in most cases is carried out in the spring after stratification. The seeds must be placed in flower pots, the volume of which is about 500 ml. You can also use a small plastic container.

If the soil in which the mother plant was located was fertile enough, then it is best to take the soil from there, if not, buy a substrate.

Advice! Before using soil from the garden, you need to warm it up in the oven or pour boiling water over it.

Planting cherry seeds

To plant cherry seeds you need:

  1. Spread the drainage material evenly over the bottom of the dish and pour the nutrient substrate onto it.
  2. Bury the kernels of the fruit about 2 cm inside the substrate. If a common container is used, the seeds should be at least 15 cm apart.
  3. Pour the soil with water, cover the dishes with a plastic or glass cap and leave on the windowsill.

How to germinate a cherry pit

To quickly notice the sprout, you can mark the places in which the seeds are buried using pegs. The first shoots appear in about a month. If the seeds were already hatched, they will germinate a little earlier.

The future cherry does not require special personal care. All you need to do is water and loosen the soil regularly.

Cherry sprouts care

Taking care of sprouts also does not present any problems and difficulties. The main thing is to carry out the following activities on time:

  • Regular soil moisture.
  • Fertilization every two weeks.
  • Spraying the leaves of the sprout (while covering the soil with polyethylene).
  • Loosening the soil.

Transplanting cherry seedlings into open ground

Mix 2 buckets of earth, 2 kg of ammonium sulfate, 3 kg of superphosphate, 1 liter of wood ash, 1 kg of potassium and 36 kg of humus and fill the pits by a third. If the soil is clay, then two buckets of sand should be poured into the pits, if sandy - two buckets of clay. And only after that the soil mixture is poured into them.

Before planting, you need to strengthen a special support for the seedling. In the middle of the hole, you need to make a small slide and place a seedling on it. Then it is attached to the support and the soil is poured. The root collar of a young tree should be located several centimeters above the soil surface.

After transplanting, all that remains is to water the plant well and mulch the soil.

Rules for growing cherries from a stone

Since cherry seedlings are planted in most cases in autumn, the main danger for the tree is low temperature and coming frosts. Therefore, it is necessary to prepare the plant for climate change:

  • Wrap the tree trunk in burlap. However, it is necessary to ensure that he does not rebuff.
  • Protect the tree from frost and winds by burying the lower part of it with snow.
  • On top of the burlap, it is worth wrapping spruce branches.
  • Spread pesticides from rodents around the plant.

It is necessary to water the tree about once every 30 days through the hole. For the first 3 years, cherries can only be fertilized with nitrogen fertilizers.

To protect the plant from birds, unwanted discs or cans can be tied to its branches.

How to grow cherries from a stone in the country or on a plot

By choosing the right time for planting seeds and providing all the conditions for the successful growth and development of the plant, you can get a strong tree that brings a good harvest.

When and where to plant cherry seeds

You can plant seeds in an unprotected area in summer or autumn. If you do this in the spring, the planting material must be stratified, observing the required temperature and humidity.

Cherries are best planted on the south side of the plot, where a lot of sunlight gets in. Also, the plant needs protection from the winds.

How to grow a cherry from a stone in the open field

Thoroughly washed bones must be planted in the ground. Too severe frosts in winter can kill sprouts. To preserve cherries, you can plant them in the spring after seed stratification.

The plant needs to be watered and fed regularly. You should also moisturize its foliage every day.

The soil needs constant loosening.

Do I need to plant cherries grown from the bone

The only way to transform seed-grown cherries into a fruit-bearing tree is by grafting.

Terms of vaccination

Vaccination should be done three years after planting. The spring period is most suitable for this procedure, when the likelihood of splicing of plants is quite high.

You can also graft a tree in summer in cloudy dry weather or in autumn before severe cold weather sets in.

What can be grafted onto a cherry stock

Any kind of grafting is possible on a cherry stock. The main thing is that it is suitable for this region. It is advisable to choose a variety that is resistant to diseases, pests and temperature changes.

In addition, cherry stock can be grafted with cherries, cherry plums and plums. However, in the case of plums, this will be quite difficult, since these trees do not grow together as well as in the case of plum and cherry.

Cherry grafting methods

There are several ways to vaccinate:

  1. Copulation.
  2. Improved copulation.
  3. On the bark.
  4. Into the cleft.
  5. Into the semi-cleavage.
  6. In the corner cutout.
  7. Side cut.
  8. The bridge.

Conclusion

Pitted cherry is a laborious and time-consuming process. However, if you work hard and give the plant the necessary care, the results are bound to be impressive. The main thing is to follow all the rules and take into account the characteristics of the plant and the conditions in which it develops.


Watch the video: How to grow supermarket cherries into cherry plant?