Chrysanthemum terry Bridesmaid dress: planting and care, watering and feeding, photo

Chrysanthemum terry Bridesmaid dress: planting and care, watering and feeding, photo


We are searching data for your request:

Forums and discussions:
Manuals and reference books:
Data from registers:
Wait the end of the search in all databases.
Upon completion, a link will appear to access the found materials.

Chrysanthemum The bride's dress is a short, densely branched annual with large double flowers that attracts attention, regardless of whether it grows in a flower bed or in a container. Lush multi-petal balls of its inflorescences, snow-white, with yellow hearts, and in fact, are easily associated with a luxurious and delicate wedding dress. This beautiful chrysanthemum loves sunlight and fertile soil, tolerates drought and light frosts well, and is also very picky about care. You can admire it from the middle of summer until the onset of frost. Considering that the chrysanthemum dress of the bride completely goes through its life cycle during one season, the gardener does not have to take care of the winter shelter - it will be enough to collect the ripe seeds and germinate them the next year.

Features of growing chrysanthemum Bridesmaid dress

The bride's dress is a cultivar of odorless chrysanthemum. It can be grown both outdoors and in pots. It is an annual plant - seed maturation, seedling growth and development, flowering and wilting occurs during one growing season.

Annual terry chrysanthemum Bridesmaid dress is famous for lush white flowers with yellow hearts

Chrysanthemum The bride's dress grows rapidly, branches well and blooms profusely. Its shoots form dense, compact bushes, usually up to 20 cm in height. The root system is branched, growing parallel to the soil surface. Leaves are emerald green. They are oblong, feathery and arranged in a regular order.

Terry inflorescences-baskets have the shape of a ball 5-6 cm in diameter. Elongated flowers resembling tongues are located along the edge of each of them. They are snow-white, while the slender tubular flowers in the middle are bright yellow.

Chrysanthemum blooms Bridesmaid dress from mid-July to October. Its fruits are capsules, inside of which seeds ripen.

Planting Chrysanthemum Bridesmaid Dress

Like any annual chrysanthemum, the Bridesmaid dress is usually grown from seed. This can be done in two ways:

  • sowing them for seedlings in early spring;
  • sowing directly into open ground in May.

Chrysanthemum planting procedure The bride's dress in each of the indicated cases has its own characteristics.

Chrysanthemums grown by seedlings bloom earlier than those that were sown directly into open ground

Preparation of soil and planting capacity

Chrysanthemum seedlings The bride's dress begins to grow in March or April. At first, the seeds should be indoors or in a heated greenhouse.

Important! Chrysanthemum The bride's dress, grown by seedlings, begins to bloom earlier than the one that was sown directly into the open ground.

You can buy a ready-made substrate for flowering plants. However, it is not at all difficult to prepare the seedling soil yourself.

To do this, you need to mix in equal parts:

  • land from the site;
  • humus;
  • peat.

It is advisable to pre-sift the soil mixture through a sieve - this will help make it loose. It is also necessary to disinfect the substrate by steaming it with boiling water or calcining it in the oven at a temperature of 110-130 ° C.

Seedling containers can be individual or shared. The main requirement for them is sufficient width at a shallow depth. You can use wooden or plastic boxes, disposable cups, plastic cassettes, peat tablets. It is important that no water stagnates at the roots of the seedlings, so there should be drainage holes in the bottom of the seedling containers.

It is advisable to first disinfect the containers by treating them with a pink solution of potassium permanganate.

The container for growing seedlings should be wide, but shallow, with holes in the bottom for drainage

Those who are going to plant chrysanthemum seeds in the open ground should wait until May. However, the area for flowers must be ready in advance, in the fall. If the soil is sandy, it should be dug to a depth of 20 cm, adding humus. Clayy, heavy soil must be supplemented with sand.

The reaction of the soil should be neutral or slightly acidic (pH 6.5), if this indicator is higher, it must be limed. It is recommended to additionally add 50 g of superphosphate and 25 g of potassium phosphate for each meter of soil.

Preparation of planting material

Before planting chrysanthemum seeds Bridesmaid dress needs a simple pre-treatment. To do this, you should:

  • soak them for half an hour in a weak solution of potassium permanganate or chlorhexidine;
  • rinse in clean water;
  • air dry.

Landing rules

If the chrysanthemum dress of the bride is going to be grown from seedlings, then planting the seeds is done as follows:

  • a drainage layer (pieces of foam or expanded clay) is poured onto the bottom of the prepared container;
  • fill the container with soil mixture by 2/3 of the volume;
  • slightly moisten the soil with a spray bottle;
  • pits or grooves are made in it with a depth of 0.5-1 cm;
  • produce uniform sowing of seeds, making sure that they are not located close to each other;
  • if planting is carried out in individual containers, 2-3 seeds are lowered into each hole;
  • lightly sprinkle the crops with earth;
  • spray them with warm water from a spray bottle;
  • cover the containers on top with transparent film or glass and put them in a warm place, providing the necessary care.

Important! If peat tablets were chosen to germinate the seeds of the chrysanthemum dress of the bride, then at first they are allowed to swell by placing in a basin of warm water for 2-3 hours, and then they are used as individual containers for planting.

It is convenient to use peat tablets for sowing seeds, having previously steamed them

In a couple of weeks, after 2-3 true leaves appear in the seedlings, they can be dived - planted in separate flowerpots. Weakened or too elongated seedlings are discarded. If the chrysanthemum dress of the bride is sprouted in peat tablets or cups, then at this stage one of the strongest is chosen from 2-3 sprouts, and the remaining ones are carefully cut off with scissors near the ground.

Seedlings are planted in a permanent place in a flower garden in mid-May. It is best to choose a cloudy day for this. Sequencing:

  • a couple of hours before transplanting, the seedlings are watered abundantly;
  • a trench 40-45 cm deep is dug in the ground in advance, a little sand is poured onto the bottom and moistened with settled water;
  • each seedling is carefully removed from the container along with an earthen clod on the roots;
  • chrysanthemums are planted in a trench, leaving a distance of 30-40 cm between the bushes;
  • the soil is watered and mulched (with sawdust, peat).

Important! The earthen lump should be buried 1.5-2 cm into the soil, not only with the root, but also with the cotyledons. With this planting, the bush will grow well and branch abundantly.

In the case when it was decided to grow the chrysanthemum dress of the bride immediately in the open field, proceed as follows:

  • 2-3 seeds are placed in prepared holes, dug at a distance of 20-25 cm;
  • cover them on top with a small layer of peat (2-3 cm);
  • well watered.

For better soil heating and moisture retention, it is recommended to cover the wells with pieces of garden film before the first shoots appear (then it should be removed).

After the young chrysanthemum bushes of the bride's dress reach 5-10 cm in height, the seedlings must be thinned out, leaving one sprout in each hole, the strongest one.

Chrysanthemum seedlings should be transplanted into open ground with a lump of earth

Chrysanthemum Care Bridesmaid Dress

Chrysanthemum care rules The bride's dress cannot be called complicated. At the same time, it is important that the gardener takes into account the preferences of the plant, creating the most favorable conditions for development and growth.

Optimal growing conditions

Immediately after planting chrysanthemum seeds, the bride's dress for seedlings should be kept indoors at a constant temperature of + 23-25 ​​° C, providing them with sufficient light and protection from drafts.

After emergence, after 10-12 days, the containers are transferred to the sunniest windowsill. In the morning and in the evening, they are additionally illuminated with a phytolamp, extending the daylight hours to 12-14 hours. The temperature of the content is reduced to + 16-18 ° C. The shelter is gradually removed, every day increasing the airing time, and then get rid of it altogether.

After picking the chrysanthemum seedlings, the Bridesmaid Dress continues to provide additional light and maintain the specified temperature. In this case, 2 weeks before transplanting into a flower garden, the plant must be hardened:

  • first, a window is opened in the room with them;
  • then every day they are taken out to a greenhouse or on a glazed loggia, leaving at a temperature of at least + 15 ° C, first for an hour or two, then for more time;
  • in the second week, the plants are also gradually taught to be outdoors, exposing them first to the shade, and then to the sun.

A place for planting seeds or seedlings of chrysanthemums The bride's dress outdoors should be sunny, but shaded in the middle of the day. It is necessary that it be protected from drafts, but well ventilated, and also exclude stagnation of moisture at the roots.

Sowing chrysanthemum Bridesmaid dress immediately in the open ground can be after the ground in the garden warms up well

Watering mode

The key to health and prosperous growth of chrysanthemums The bride's dress is a properly organized watering regime.

Advice! It is recommended to water the plant with clean water at room temperature, letting it settle for a couple of days.

After planting the seeds and before sprouting, the soil is moistened very carefully by spraying it from a spray bottle. This should be done as the topsoil dries.

After the chrysanthemum dress of the bride rises, you can use a syringe or a small syringe to water it. Seedlings after a dive or seedlings that have grown in the garden are watered more generously, while avoiding excessive drying out or waterlogging of the soil.

Caring for an adult chrysanthemum The dress of the bride growing in the open field implies regular watering at the root, avoiding water getting on the leaves and flowers. In the first half of summer, at the stage of bud formation, the plant requires a significant amount of moisture. After the flowers appear, the intensity of watering should be slightly reduced.

Important! The soil at the roots of the chrysanthemum The bride's dress must be loosened every time after moistening, this will provide better aeration and facilitate the access of oxygen. The procedure should be performed at least once every 2 weeks, combining it with weeding.

At the initial stage of seed germination, watering should be done from a spray bottle

Top dressing

Chrysanthemum Bridesmaid dress, which is grown in seedlings, is usually fed like this:

  1. Immediately after the picking, the seedlings are advised to spray with a solution of a biostimulant (Epin-Extra or Zircon) for better growth and rooting.
  2. A week later, the plant can be fertilized with potassium humate, Fertika Lux or Uniflor for flowers. Further feeding should be repeated every 2 weeks.

Having transplanted the chrysanthemum into the flower garden, it is recommended to water it with Kornevin solution.

If the seeds were sown directly into the ground, then a week after the emergence of seedlings, you need to water them with water with the addition of a small amount of liquid fertilizer (Rainbows, Ideal).

An adult chrysanthemum is fed three times during the summer:

  • 1.5 months after planting, nitrogen-containing compounds must be added to the ground, promoting the growth and growth of foliage;
  • for the second and third time, the plant is fertilized at the stage of bud formation with preparations containing potassium and phosphorus.

Trimming and shaping

In order for the chrysanthemum bushes of the bride's dress to be compact, but at the same time dense, with a large number of shoots, they should be correctly formed.

During the period of active growth, but before the buds appear (or 7-10 days after planting the seedlings in the ground), pinch the upper part of the central shoot. The best option is to wait for the 8th sheet to appear and remove the "crown" above it.

After the length of the side shoots reaches 20 cm, they can also be pinched. As a result, the chrysanthemum bushes will resemble dense balls and form many inflorescences.

Pinching of shoots allows for the formation of dense, lush flowering bushes

Diseases and pests

Diseases and pests, from which chrysanthemum Bridesmaid dress often suffers, can be briefly described as follows:

Disease / pest

Manifestations

Treatment and prevention measures

Gray rot

Light brown spots on leaves, petals. Inflorescences decaying from the base. Softening the stems.

Removal and destruction of affected parts. Thinning bushes. Processing Fast, Fundazol, Pure flowers. Avoiding waterlogging of the soil.

Septoriasis

Yellow spots on the leaves (mainly the lower ones), which gradually increase and darken.

Collection and destruction of diseased leaves. Treatment with fungicides (copper oxychloride, Bordeaux liquid).

Powdery mildew

Whitish or ash-gray bloom on the leaves, developing mainly in wet weather.

Leaf nematodes

Yellow-brown spots on the leaves. The plates wither and dry quickly.

Removal and destruction of infected leaves. Application of sprays with insecticidal soap. Mulching the soil in spring.

Spider mites and aphids

Suck sap from plants. The flowers quickly discolor and dry, the leaves turn yellow and fall off.

Treatment of bushes with mineral oil or soapy water with the addition of copper sulfate.

Reproduction

To get chrysanthemum seeds Bridesmaid dress, you should choose the best specimens of adult plants, water them regularly, loosen the soil, fertilize and remove the stepsons. In order for the germination of seeds to be higher, you should not leave more than 3-5 stems on the bush, each of which should have 1 bud.

Collect the boxes before the inflorescences are completely dry, otherwise they will crumble. After that, the seed should be kept in a dark, dry room for 2 months.

Chrysanthemum seeds can be collected by yourself and planted next year.

Conclusion

Chrysanthemum The bride's dress is a spectacular, luxuriantly blooming annual, which is easy to grow in the garden. You can get a beautiful flowerbed by sowing seeds directly into the ground at the end of spring, when the soil warms up, and the threat of return frosts finally passes. However, if you prefer the seedling method of growing this chrysanthemum, then its flowering can be seen much earlier. If you plant the plants correctly, and then correctly organize a simple care for them, then the snow-white balloons, and in fact, similar to the bride's dress, framed by emerald green feathery leaves will look luxurious on the flower bed all season.

Reviews of Chrysanthemum Bridesmaid Dress

Anna Konstantinovna Makarova, 46 years old, Samara

The first time I grew chrysanthemum Bridesmaid dress this year was by purchasing a bag of seeds from the store. In mid-April, she sowed them for seedlings. Seedlings appeared amicably and quickly. After transplanting into the ground at the end of spring, they settled well in a flower bed under the window and grew. It turned out to be pretty bushes, not tall, but thick. There are many flowers and they are very beautiful.

Svetlana Petrovna Ivasevich, 53 years old, Ryazan

I really love the variety Bridesmaid dress - these delicate white chrysanthemums have always grown in my grandmother's flower garden and still remind me of my childhood. I sow at my dacha every season from seeds collected in the previous year.I do not waste time on seedlings - I sow directly into the ground when the ground warms up well. At the initial stage, I cover it with a film, equipping it with a small greenhouse, but not for long, these chrysanthemums are not at all sissy. They do not fail: the bushes are invariably thick and lush, and the double flowers, when they bloom, are very similar to white pompons with a yellow center.


Watch the video: Chrysanthemum Plant Care After Flowering in Fall - Growing Potted Chrysanthemums as Perennials


Comments:

  1. Kahn

    Not quite understood that you wanted to say about it.

  2. Guedado

    You must tell you have been misled.



Write a message