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The Christmas cactus is actually quite easy to care for. Nevertheless, there are a few things you should keep in mind so that you can enjoy your cactus for a long time.
Christmas cacti, also called Schlumbergera, originally come from the rainforests of Brazil. The cactus, which can carry red, white or orange flowers, grows up to 40 centimeters high and almost as wide. The flowering usually takes place for six weeks from November to December, so that the cactus helps shape the holidays. Since the jointed cactus is fairly easy to care for and proves to be a long-lasting companion, it is particularly popular as a houseplant with some lovers. But how do you best take care of your Christmas companion? Which location does the crop need - and what else needs to be considered?
Many facets for decorative uses
The Christmas cactus is not only known for its pretty flowers in the Christmas and winter period, but also for its biodiversity. The Schlumbergera Orssichiana is known for developing flame-like, red flowers, which are very rare to find. The Schlumbergera Truncata, on the other hand, is very easy to care for and is now widely used because lovers buy it as a houseplant because of its pink, orange or red and white flowers. The Christmas cactus is aligned with the sun, by the way, so it does not like it if it is constantly adjusted or turned over.Advantages of the Christmas cactus
✔ blooms for about six weeks
✔ Flowering takes place from November to December in winter time
✔ is usually easy to care for
✔ Flowers can be red, white, orange or pink
✔ There are many types of Christmas cacti, including rare ones
✔ beautiful houseplant that also looks good thanks to its limbsDisadvantages of the Christmas cactus
✘ sheds its buds if it is moved or moved too often, as it has to turn towards the sun again
✘ some varieties are very rare and therefore hardly available
Blüte No flowering outside of winter, so you have to wait for it all year round
Which location is the best?
First of all, it should be said that the Christmas cactus is not kept in the garden or on the balcony. Because this is a houseplant that, by the way, relies on a slightly sunny, but sometimes shady location. The plant from the rainforest is very happy about the early sun in the morning or evening, which is why owners should preferably look for such a location. Heat from the midday sun, on the other hand, should be avoided if you want to find a perfect location for the Christmas cactus. A certain distance from the window should therefore be possible if no better location can be found. If you want to store the cactus outdoors at appropriate temperatures, it should not fall below 10 degrees Celsius at night. Then the cactus is allowed to linger in a shady spot. Here, however, it is important to get used to the outside temperature beforehand, for example by keeping it outdoors for an hour. If the cactus stays inside, it is welcome to keep it over a heater, because warm roots are good for the crop.
What soil does the Christmas cactus need?
At best, cactus soil is used for the Christmas cactus, because it must be as permeable as possible - the Christmas cactus does not tolerate waterlogging well. A small part of sand or clay may be contained in the earth. Potting soil is, however, less suitable because it is often not permeable enough and the waterlogging mentioned forms. If you have the option of adding some clay granulate to the cactus soil, this will benefit the Christmas cactus.
Does the Christmas cactus need to be repotted?
Because a Christmas cactus quickly grows up to 40cm high and almost as wide, it may be necessary from time to time to give it a larger living space, i.e. a larger flower pot. Otherwise the roots of the plant would have no more space, so that it not only stops further growth, but also blooms poorly. In general, you should only repot after the flowering period, paying special attention to the roots so that they are not damaged. When repotting, the new pot should also be run with fresh instead of old soil, so that the cactus also receives fresh nutrients. In general, the flower pot for Christmas cacti should also be smaller than the bunch of plants above the ground. This is because the root system of the Christmas cactus grows very quickly, but is usually compactly rooted, so that it turns out to be significantly smaller than the plant itself. This means that the pot only because the plant grows over the edge of the pot you are far from too small.
Do you have to fertilize the Christmas cactus - or is watering enough?
When it comes to caring for a Christmas cactus, watering is of course also part of it. There are a few things to consider here, such as:
➣ The water itself must never be calcareous, so boiled water or rainwater from the garden is better - calcareous water is under no circumstances well tolerated by the Christmas cactus
➣ At higher temperatures in spring, summer and late summer, watering should take place very regularly so that the substrate can soak up water
Wasser Water collects in the coaster, this must always be removed immediately to avoid waterlogging
Aquarium Aquarium water is also suitable for watering because it contains nutrients, but this should not take place too often
The fertilization is a little different. After all, the Christmas cactus comes from areas with fewer nutrients and therefore cannot cope with an excessive amount of nutrients. So less is much more when it comes to fertilizer for Christmas cactus. Young, e.g. freshly bought Christmas cacti do not have to be fertilized at all, after one or two years the first fertilization can take place. Very little liquid plant fertilizer is required to supply the Christmas cactus with its necessary dose of nutrients in spring.
Cutting the Christmas cactus - do you have to cut at all?
Cutting the popular Christmas cactus is actually only necessary if you want to multiply it using cuttings. These can then be planted at least three centimeters deep in a flowerpot in cactus soil in order to grow into an independent plant after being kept constantly moist. Watering too often should be avoided here again due to the waterlogging. Otherwise, dried flowers can be cut off from the Christmas cactus after the flowering period, provided they do not fall off by themselves. Dried limbs can also be cut off if necessary, otherwise no trimming is necessary.
As you can see, the Christmas cactus is a very handsome, but also easy to maintain representative of the cacti. Although you wait for the pretty flower all year round, it lasts quite a long time in winter and offers a nice change from other plants in winter. Even the requirements for watering are so low on the part of the plant that even laypeople can hold it well - it also saves a lot of work, since hardly any cuts are necessary and the plant does not need large pots and little fertilizer. In any case, it is worth thinking about buying Christmas cacti.